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Safety and tolerability of intrathecal liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) for cryptococcal meningitis: a retrospective study in HIV-infected patients.


April 15, 2019

 
Departments: Infectious diseases
Authors Alvarez-Uria, Midde
Battula, Pujari HNB
Journal The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America

Background: While mortality of HIV-related cryptococcal meningitis (CM) in developed countries is relatively low, in developing countries over half of patients die within 10 weeks. Current recommended therapies are often not suitable for resource-poor settings, and new shorter regimens are urgently needed. Intrathecal administration of liposomal amphotericin B (lAmB) has shown promising results in animal models. However, the safety and tolerability of intrathecal lAmB in humans are not well known.

Methods: In this retrospective observational study, we report the tolerability and safety of intrathecal lAmB in patients with CM from an HIV cohort study in India.

Results: In all, 18 patients were included in the analysis. Six were female and the median age was 40 years [interquartile range (IQR): 35-45]. The median CD4 count was 42 cells/µl (IQR: 19-127). Compared with a historical control group, the hazard ratio for mortality was 0.59 (95% confidence interval: 0.26-1.29). Two patients complained of transient lumbar pain in single occasion. One patient had a skin reaction to chlorhexidine, which was used as skin disinfectant. After initial improvement, one patient requested to stop lumbar punctures for the last 2 days of treatment. Conclusion: Intrathecal lAmB was safe and well tolerated in HIV-infected patients with CM.

 





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