Marginal farmers belonging to dalit and tribal communities own a piece of dry land given to them by the government. However some part of the lands are often not cultivable as they contain heaps of big boulders/stones and thorny bushes. RDT has been extending help to such families to take up measures of land development using both manual labour and machinery for the past 10 years.
An extent of 123058.81 acres of land was treated under ‘Land Development Program’ benefiting 60116 poor farmers spread across 1322 Villages up to 31st March 2015. Additional land to an extent of 8324.74 acres of land could be brought under cultivation.
HRD (Human Resource Development)
HRD since its inception in 2010 has been focusing on upgrading the knowledge and skills of various cadre staff- senior and middle level management, grass-root and other cadre staff working in field and institutions including disability/hospitals. Its major focus is on community organization, gender and leadership skills. It has also identified a few potential staff having knowledge and aptitude in trainings and is conducting series of trainings (TOT) to train them as trainers so that they carry out trainings for staff and members of community based organizations (CBOs) independently. As many as 42 trainings covering 1809 staff were conducted by HRD during 2014-15. These include:
- 16-Trainings on value orientation
- 4-Exposure visits conducted to staff
- 2-Trainings on Leadership
- 2-Trainings on Cadre Development
- 2-Trainings on Goal Setting
- 4-Trainings on Team Building
- 7-Large Scale Interactive Process workshops
- 3-Basic Development Workers’ Training
- 1-Training on Preparation of Ten Years Action Plan
- 1-Training on Gender Sensitization
Work amongst the Chenchus
Chenchus are living in the complex dilemma of having lived thousands of years traditionally and now caught between their traditional values and modernization. They often live in extreme poverty, their living conditions, health and education standards are far behind in many ways from the rest of the population.
RDT started its work with the chenchus from May 2010 onwards and it had set up 4 operational areas located at Achampet, Lingala, Dornala and Y.Palem. RDT started its work amongst the Chenchus from May 2010 onwards. It had set up 4 operational areas located at Achampet, Lingala, Dornala and Y.Palem. It had so far covered 10,221 families spread across 258 villages which include 8688 families belonging to Chenchu tribes in 232 villages, 1498 families to Scheduled Castes spread across 26 villages and the rest belong to backward castes (88) and other castes (7).
In the initial phase, villages have been identified and a rapport developed with the communities through family visits, workshops and formation of community development committees. Awareness is also given about various government programs, schemes and acts such as Recognition of Forest Rights Act (RoFR Act), housing pattas, ration cards, election I.D. cards etc.,
Since 2010 RDT has been focusing on strengthening community organization base through a series of participatory trainings for both staff and people. Its impact is seen in the collective strength of tribes who are organized into village level federations to assert their rights and mobilize various government resources and services meant for their welfare and development.
Accessing Government Resources/Services:
- 609 families from 26-villages got 1837.1 acres both Revenue and Forest land from the Government for cultivation purpose.
- 614 families from 25 villages got land pattas covering an extent of 1629.90 acres
- 5943 Chenchu families from 133villages got house sites from the government
- 1175 families from 50 villages were covered under INDIRA JALAPRABHA program under which 283 irrigation bores were dug to irrigate 4144.50 acres of land under irrigation.
- 85- families from 5 villages succeeded in getting village electrification
- 78 drinking water bores were drilled in 78 villages benefiting 2479 families having drinking water problem.
- 1738 families from 177 villages got ration cards for getting subsidized rice and provisions from government
- 3083 individuals from 218 villages got their voter identity cards
- 784 persons from 101 villages got pension from the government
- 2445 persons from 86 villages got job cards under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)
- 93 persons from one village got rights over irrigation tank belonging to forest authorities to take up fisheries as well as growing crops covering an extent of 310 acres in 2 villages
- 714 persons from 43 villages got identity cards locally called GIRICARDS that authorizes them to collect forest products.
- 2231 Chenchu families from 61 villages succeeded in getting internal and approach roads.
- 158 Chenchus from 25 villages mobilized agricultural loans to an extent of Rs.26,10,000
- 915 Chenchus from 83 villages got seeds from government to cultivate 2263.5 acres of land
- 13869 persons from 199 villages got ADHAR Cards issued by the government
- 27 Chenchus from 12 villages got commercial loans to an extent of Rs.6,55,000
- 28 Chenchu farmers from 8 villages got bullocks for cultivation purpose
RDT-Welfare & Developmental initiatives:
- 1145 persons belonging to 748 orphan and needy families from 229 villages were given food grains under Family Welfare Program.
- 17 persons in 3 villages were provided aid-in-distress
- 30 drinking water bores drilled by RDT in 30 villages, 29 are functioning by the end of March 2015.
- An extent of 2704.22 acres of land belonging 1036 farmers in 39 villages was treated under land development measures resulting in bringing additional 623.29 acres of land under cultivation.
- 276 families from 10 villages who were depending upon fisheries for their livelihood were given fish nets and boats (Putties)
- 97 bicycles were given to persons belonging 4 villages for the purpose of collecting forest products
- 596 solar lights were provided to 36 Chenchu habitations. In 21 villages RDT provided 48 solar street lights also.
- Tents and home needs were provided to 103 families whose huts were burnt due to fire accident.
- 31 pairs of bullocks and agricultural implements were provided to 108 families in 23 villages facilitating them to cultivate 300.50 acres of land on their own.
- Diesel engines were provided benefiting 98 farmers in 12 villages which enabled them to cultivate 172 acres of land.
- 14 families in one village was provided three wheeler rickshaw to transport forest products
- 65 youth from 18 villages received training in masonry since there is lot of demand for skilled masons in the region
- Fisher lings were provided to 65 Chenchu families in 2 villages
- 1 Family was given assistance to set up saloon shop
- 166 youth from 44 villages were given support to participate in archery competition
- Concerning tank shore cultivation 25 families in 2 villages were benefited and an extent of 40 acres was brought under cultivation
- Village electrification was done in 1 village
- Ground levelling program was done in 1 high school covering 291 students in one village
- 32 famers in 2 villages were provided assistance in the form of laying pipelines for agriculture purpose and it enabled them to cultivate 87.5 acres of land under irrigation.
- 19 orphan students comprised of 11 boys and 8 girls from 16 villages were given educational and other assistance.
- 256 awareness camps were conducted on various health issues especially focusing on STD/HIV/AIDS, sanitation, personal hygiene, immunization, nutrition etc., and the number of participants was 11028.
- 37 antenatal clinics were conducted in collaboration with the government in four operational areas and a total of 472 mothers had undergone antenatal check-ups. A total of 75 risk pregnancy cases were identified. 144 institutional and 90 home aseptic deliveries were done upto the end of March 2015.
- 155 nutrition centres are run by RDT in 155 villages covering 4398 persons. It includes 2626 children in the age group of 1-5 years followed by 915 ante/postnatal mothers, 560 aged persons and 297 persons suffering from chronic sickness.
- 119 persons comprised of 58 male and 61 female were referred to higher institutions while 293 persons including 167 women and 126 were referred to local institutions for medical treatment.
- 151 Chenchu women were selected and trained as CHW in 155 villages
- 17 awareness workshops were exclusively conducted for adolescent girls (816)
- 2 doctors and 12 health organizers had undergone training in Acupuncture
- 2 eye camps were conducted and a total of 115 were examined
- 481 persons were treated by doctors through mobile health clinics
- General health clinics were conducted by health organizers at village level covering 1567 persons
- Under school health clinics 1880 children from 214 villages were treated which include 914 boys and 966 girls and of them 773 children consisting of 395 boys and 378 girls were treated.
- 129 children suffering from chronic /acute sickness which include 68 male and 61 female were treated and followed up.
RDT Housing Program:
- 1919 houses were built in 69 villages
- 17community centres were built
RDT- Livelihood Program for Women:
- A grant of Rs.3096000 covering 445 women representing 63 SHGs from 48 villages was provided for various income generation schemes such as running petty shops, rearing sheep/goats, vegetable/flower business, mich cattle etc., and Chenchu women are revolving the grant as loan among themselves. The percentage of repayment was over 80%.
- 11 tailoring centres were set that provided training in tailoring to 150 Chenchu women/girls hailing from 20 villages and all of them were provided sewing machines after successful completion of training.
- 384-SHGS having 4235 women members were constituted by RDT in 182 villages
- International women’s day was conducted both at area level and cluster level and over 4500 persons took part in it which includes 75% of women and 25% of men.
- 26-Capacity building trainings were conducted covering 1339 group leaders from 208 villages.
- 2205 members comprised of 1110 male and 1095 female representing Community Development Committees popularly called CDCs in 270 villages were covered under awareness workshop-capacity-building trainings during 2014-15
- 99.99% of eligible children were admitted into I Class as against 95% in case of enrolment of eligible students into VI Class during 2014-15.
- Educational Assistance to Deserving Children (Savings Grant) to an extent of Rs.32,41,000 was provided to 4630 children consisting of 2391 boys and 2239 girls during the academic year 2014-15.
- 1558 children consisting of 745 boys and 813 girls were admitted into Government Residential Schools during 2014-15.
- 16759 were provided school uniform during 2014-15
- 2156 students comprised of 1237 primary and 919 secondary school students were provided reading and writing materials
- Summer coaching camps were conducted to benefit 276 V- Class Students in 4-centres with the help of 8 volunteer and 333 IX Class students in 8 centres were organized with the help of 32-education volunteers during 2014-15.
- 9 schools were given lab materials while 15 schools were given sports kits upto the end of March 2015.
- 573 students are pursuing their higher, professional and technical education and of them 244 students comprised of 132 boys and 112 girls were given educational aid.
- 12 students comprised of 6 boys and 6 girls are covered under special education scholarship program.
- 204 bicycles were given to Chenchu students including 105 boys and 99 girls to pursue their high school education.
- 8 Chenchu students took part in central level quiz competition
- 130 youth from 10 villages were trained in ‘RAM LAKHAN’ drums and they are earning an amount of Rs.8000 per one program. Similarly 30 youth having interest, aptitude and talent received 2 phases of cultural training and they are being involved in various cultural performances organized at village and area level.
- 8 special cultural schools are set up during 2014-154 with a view to giving intensive cultural training to children.
- 133 youth and 410 children were trained in various cultural aspects such as singing, dancing, playing dappu and other variety items like miming and mimicry
- 60-cultural performances were organized focusing on children’s education, government resource mobilization, health care/women issues etc., Apart from songs and dances, the cultural team had organized role plays and traditional cultural programs such as PALLESUDDULU and BURRAKATHA to attract the attention of audience.
- 28 staff members were given cultural input for 2 days