HIV/AIDS is considered a pandemic, a global epidemic which is present throughout India and is actively spreading. It has had a great impact on society, both as an illness and as a source of discrimination. In South India, the HIV epidemic is largely driven by heterosexual transmission and characterized by low CD4 cell count, poor socioeconomic status and high levels of illiteracy. The vast majority of children acquire HIV peri-natally, but 8% of female children acquire it through sexual contact. Sadly, 90% of those who acquire HIV peri-natally are diagnosed after they are 18 months old. RDT follows a multi-dimensional approach to treat HIV/AIDS which combines medical help with social integration and livelihood.
With the initiation of HID in May 2006, RDT aims to reduce the morbidity and mortality rates among HIV/AIDS patients, prevent the spread of the disease through counseling and awareness, reduce the stigma and discrimination prevalent towards HIV patients and treating TB patients.