The Department of Internal Medicine at RDT started in 2000, deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of adult diseases. Common ailments like Diabetes, Hypertension, TB, Respiratory Infections, Pancreatitis, Myocardial Infarction (MI), Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Gastric Ulcers, Malaria, Dengue, Fevers, Liver complications brought on by alcohol consumption or Hepatitis etc. are treated before these diseases reach advanced stages. The focus is to provide comprehensive care to patients with complex diagnoses, as well as patients with the most commonly occurring ones.
Malaria is among the more frequently, all year-round presented cases in the department, as it is endemic to Ananthapuram. The hospital treats 4 to 5 new cases of confirmed Malaria, and 4 to 5 cases of suspected Dengue on an average daily. Aside from these common ailments, the general conditions of poverty and poor nutrition
necessitates many patients receive intra-muscular Vitamin B12 injections to treat deficiency, and also receive blood transfusions for low haemoglobin levels. Anaemia is quite common, especially in young women and girls and the hospital averages 2 to 3 transfusions daily.
With its robust exchange and volunteer programmes, Spanish physicians also routinely visit the department and assist the doctors in their work. The hospital has well-equipped and continually upgraded clinical chemistry labs where all diagnostic tests are done.
As with the rest of the world, India has seen a dramatic increase in diabetes due to sedentary lifestyles, increasing stress and genetic factors. Rural areas are also being affected by this disease in growing numbers. The hospital registers a mix of patients, ranging from cases of early onset of the disease, to those with commonly associated complications such as Diabetic Foot, Vision Problems, and Chronic Kidney Disease.
All patients are counseled regarding management of the disease and treated in keeping with their symptoms and requirements.